W2EGB
Technical Information

Operating Codes: Q & Z

More Q- and Z-Codes than you ever wanted to use (or know about), operating codes are used to abbreviate requests for or headings to information. Especially usefule in CW, TTY, and RTTY communication operations, where three letters can take the place of dozens, these codes are variously identified, sanctioned, or understood.

The various elements of the "Q" Code" are the prescribed for international use in Appendix 9 to the Radio Regulations Annex to the International Telecommunications Convention (Atlantic City) 1947 (blocks QRA to QUZ) and in ICAO publication "Dec 6100-COM/504/1" (blocks QAA to QNZ). These international signals are prescribed for use on all types of communications, military and non-military. The ICAO codes were generally used in aeronautical telegraphy; however, a number are still used occassionally. The ARRL has alse developed its own codes for message handling located in the QN- range.

The "Z" Code was developed after Q Code by the British company Cable & Wireless, Ltd. (C&W), for commercial communications, where it was widely used in the CW era. It was later adopted and adapted by NATO, the United States Coast Guard, and the USSR's military. In fact, the NATO Z-code and the C&W Z-code are quite different. With the end of the great low-frequency coastal staion culture, the Z Code has fallen into general disuse today, but for the curious, an excellent reference, including the C&W, NATO, and USSR military variants, is Kloth.net's "Z-Codes Page" (also, most commercial radio textbooks published prior to the 1990s have the Z Code in them).


[ TOP ]

Index to 2nd Letter
[ A ] [ B ] [ C ] [ D ] [ E ] [ F ] [ G ] [ H ] [ I ] [ J ] [ K ] [ L ] [ M ] [ N ] [ N (ARRL)] [ O ] [ P ] [ Q ] [ R ] [ S ] [ T ] [ U ] [ V ] [ W ] [ X ] [ Y ] [ Z ] [ All Modern Aviation ]

N.B. "Q" Signals indicated in

Q Codes
"Q" Signal Question ? Answer, Advise, or Order
"A" Back to Index
QAB May I have clearance? You are cleared.
QAF Will you advise me when you are at (place)? I am at (place).
QAG   Arrange your flight in order to arrive at (place) at _____ hours or I am arranging my flight ...
QAH What is your height above _____ I am at .... height above (place)
QAI What is the essential traffic? The essential traffic is...
QAK Is there any risk of collision? There is risk of collision.
QAL Are you going to land at (place)? I am going to land at (place) or You may land at (place)
QAM What is the latest available meteorological observation for (place)? Meteorological obs for (place) at (hours) is as follows
QAN What is the surface wind direction and speed at (place)? The surface wind direction and speed at (place) at (hours) is _____
QAO What is the wind direction in degrees TRUE and speed at (position)? The wind direction and speed at (position) at (place) is....
QAP Shall I listen for you (or for _____ ) on _____ (KHz/MHz)? Listen for me (or for _____ ) on _____ (KHz/MHz)
QAQ Am I near a prohibited area? Yes you are flying 1) near or 2) over a prohibited area
QAR May I stop listening on the watch frequency for _____ minutes? Yes you may stop...
QAV Are you able to home on your DF equipment? I am homing on my DF equipment on _____ station
QAW   I am about to carry out overshoot procedure
QAY Will you advise me when you pass/have passed (place) or (bearing _____ degrees relative to your heading)? I passed _____ (place) or (bearing _____ degrees relative to my heading) at _____ hours
QAZ Are you experiencing difficulties through flying in a storm? I am experiencing communications difficulties through flying in a storm.
"B" Back to Index
QBA What is the horizontal visibility at (place)? The horizontal visibility at (place) at ...hours is...
QBB What is the amount, the type and height above official aerodrome elevation of the cloud base of the significant cloud at (place)? The amount, the type and height above official aerodrome elevation of the cloud base of the significant cloud at (place) at (hours) is ...
QBC Report meteorological conditions as observed from your aircraft at .. (position) at _____ hours The conditions are ....
QBD How much fuel have you remaining (expressed in hours/mins) Fuel remaining is ...
QBE   I am about to wind in my antenna
QBF Are you flying in a cloud? I am flying in a cloud and at _____ height above ...
QBG Are you flying above cloud? I am flying above cloud and at _____ height above ...
QBH Are you flying below cloud? I am flying below cloud and at _____ height above ...
QBI Is your flight under IFR compulsory? Flight is under IFR compulsory.
QBJ What is the amount, the type and height above _____ of the top of the cloud at ...? The amount, the type and height above _____ of the top of the cloud at _____ is ...
QBK Are you flying with no cloud in your vicinity? I am flying with no cloud in my vicinity.
QBM Has _____ sent a message for me? Here is the message sent by _____ at _____ hours.
QBN Are you flying between two layers of cloud? I am flying between two layers of cloud and at ...height above ...
QBO What is the nearest aerodrome at which flight under VFR is permissible and which would be suitable for my landing? Flying under VFR is permissible at _____ which would be suitable for your landing.
QBP Are you flying in and out of cloud? I am flying in and out of cloud and at _____ height above ...
QBS   Ascend (or descend) to _____ height above _____ before encountering IFR weather conditions or if visibility falls below _____ and advise.
QBT How far along the runway, from the approach end, can the observer at the runway threshold see the runway lights which will be operating for my landing at (place)? At _____ hours the observer at the threshold of runway number _____ could see the runway lights in operation for you landing at a distance of _____ from the approach end.
QBV Have you reached the .... height above .... ? I have reached the _____ height above ...
QBX Have you left the _____ height above? I have left the _____ height above ...
QBZ Report your flying conditions in relation to clouds The reply to QBZ ? is the appropriate answer for one of the signals QBF, QBG, QBH, QBK, QBN, or QBP (see above).
"C" Back to Index
QCA May I change from _____ to ...height above ...? You may change from _____ to _____ height above ...
QCB   Delay is being caused by 1) your transmitting out of turn, 2) your slowness in answering, 3) your lack of your reply to my _____
QCE When may I expect approach clearance? Expect approach clearance at _____ hours or No delay expected.
QCF   Delay indefinite. Expect approach clearance not later than _____ hours
QCH May I taxi to _____ (place)? Cleared to taxi to _____ (place)
QCS   My reception on _____ frequency has broken down.
QCX What is your full call sign? My full call sign is _____ or Use your full call sign until further notice
QCY   I am working on a trailing aerial or Work on a trailing aerial
"D" Back to Index
QDB Have you sent message... to ...? I have sent message _____ to ...
QDF What is your D-Value at _____ (position)? My D-Value at _____ (position) at _____ height above 1013.2 millibars is _____ D-Value (+/-)
QDL Do you intend to ask me for a series of bearings? I intend to ask you for a series of bearings
QDM Will you indicate the MAGNETIC heading for me to steer towards you (or _____ ) with no wind? The MAGNETIC heading for you to steer to reach me (or _____ ) with no wind was _____ degrees at _____ (hours)
QDP Will you accept control (or responsibility) of (for) _____ now or at _____ hours? I will accept control (or responsibility) of (for) _____ now or at _____ hours
QDR What is my MAGNETIC bearing from you (or from _____ )? Your MAGNETIC bearing from me (or from _____ ) was _____ degrees at _____ hours.
QDT Are you flying in VFR weather conditions? I am flying in VFR weather conditions or Fly at all times in VFR weather conditions.
QDU   I am altering my flight plan to VFR
QDV Are you flying in a horizontal visibility of less than ...? I am flying an a horizontal visibility of less than ...
"E" Back to Index
QEA May I cross the runway ahead of me? You may cross the runway ahead of you
QEB May I turn at the intersection? Taxi as follows at the intersection: (straight ahead: DRT; turn left: LEFT; turn right: RITE).
QEC May I make a 180-degree turn and return down the runway? You may make a 180-degree turn and return down the runway
QED Shall I follow the pilot vehicle? Follow the pilot vehicle
QEF Have I reached my parking area or Have you reached your parking area You have reached your parking area or I have reached my parking area
QEG May I leave the parking area or Have you left the parking area? You may leave the parking area or I have left the parking area
QEH May I move to the holding position for runway number _____ ? or Have you moved to the holding position for runway number ...? Cleared to the holding position for runway number _____ or I have moved to the holding position for runway number ...
QEJ May I assume position for take-off? or Have you assumed position for take-off? Cleared to hold at take-off position for runway number _____ or I am assuming take-off position for runway number _____ and am holding.
QEK Are you ready for immediate take-off? I am ready for immediate take-off.
QEL May I take-off (and make a _____ hand turn after take-off.)? You are cleared to take-off (turn as follows after take-off ...)
QEM What is the condition of the landing surface at _____ (place)? The condition of the landing surface at _____ (place) is _____
QEN Shall I hold my position? Hold your position
QEO Shall I clear the runway (or landing area)? or Have you cleared the runway (or landing area)? Clear the runway (or landing area) or I have cleared the runway (or landing area)
QES Is a right-hand circuit in force at _____ (place)? A right-hand circuit is in force at .. (place).
"F" Back to Index
QFA What is the meteorological forecast for _____ (flight, route, section of route or zone) for the period _____ hours until _____ hours? The meteorological forecast for _____ (flight, route, section of route or zone) for the period _____ hours until _____ hours is _____
QFB   The 1) approach, 2) runway, 3) approach and runway lights are out of order
QFC What is the amount, the type and the height above _____ of the base of the clouds at (place) At (place) the base of the clouds is _____ eighths (type) at (height: figures and units) above _____ (datum: QFE/QNE/QNH)
QFD 1) Is the _____ visual beacon at _____ (place) in operation?
2) Will you switch on the _____ visual beacon at _____ (place)?
3) Will you extinguish the aerodrome visual beacon at _____ (place) until I have landed?
1) The _____ visual beacon at _____ (place) is in operation
2) I will extinguish the aerodrome visual beacon at _____ (place) until your landing is completed
QFE 1) At _____ (place), what is the present atmospheric pressure converted to station level in accordance with meteorological practice?
2) As a question, What is your height above field (or terrain) elevation?
3) As a general abbreviation, Altitude measured above height above field (or terrain) elevation is _____
1) At _____ (place) the atmospheric pressure converted to station level in accordance with meteorological practice is (or was determined at _____ hours to be) _____ tenths of millibars
2) The height above field (terrain) elevation is _____
QFF At _____ (place) what is the present atmospheric pressure converted to mean sea level in accordance with meteorological practice? At _____ (place) the atmospheric pressure converted to mean sea level in accordance with meteorological practice is (or was determined at _____ hours to be) _____ tenths of millibars.
QFG Am I overhead? You are overhead
QFH May I descend below the clouds? You may descend below the clouds
QFI Are the aerodrome lights lit? The aerodrome lights are lit . Or, please light the aerodrome lights
QFL Will you send up pyrotechnical lights? I will send up pyrotechnical lights
QFM What height above _____ (datum: QFE/QNH/QNE) 1) should I maintain? 2) are you maintaining? 3) do you intend cruising at? 1) Maintain (or fly at), 2) I am maintaining, 3) I intend cruising at (height: figures and units) height above (datum: QFE/QNH/QNE)
QFO May I land immediately? You may land immediately
QFP Will you give me the latest information concerning _____ facility at _____ (place)? The latest information concerning _____ facility at _____ (place) is as follows ...
QFQ Are the approach and runway lights lit? The approach and runway lights are lit, or, Please light the approach and runway lights
QFR Does my landing gear appear damaged? Your landing gear appears damaged
QFS Is the radio facility at _____ in operation? The radio facility at _____ is in operation
QFT Between what height above _____ has ice formation been observed at _____ (position or zone)? Ice formation has been observed at _____ (position or zone) in the type of _____ and with an accretion rate of _____ between .. and _____ heights above _____ (datum)
QFU What is the magnetic direction (or number) of the runway to be used The magnetic direction (or number) of the runway to be used is _____
QFV Are the floodlights switched on? The floodlights are on, or, Please switch the floodlights on
QFW What is the length of the runway in use in _____ (units) The length of runway _____ now in use is _____ (figures and units)
QFX   I am working (or going to work) on a fixed aerial, or, Work on a fixed aerial
QFY Please report the present meteorological landing conditions at _____ (place) The present meteorological landing conditions at _____ (place) are _____
Note -- When given in Q Code the information is sent in the following sequence: QAN, QBA, QNY, QBB, QNH and/or QFE and, if necessary, QMU, QNT, QBJ.
QFZ What is the aerodrome meteorological forecast for _____ (place) for the period _____ hours until _____ hours? The aerodrome meteorological forecast for _____ (place) for the period _____ hours until _____ hours is ...
"G" Back to Index
QGC   There are obstructions to the _____ of _____ runway
QGD Are there on my track any obstructions whose elevation equals or exceeds my altitude? There are obstructions on your track _____ (figures and units) height above _____ (datum)
QGE What is my distance to your station (or to ...)? Your distance to my station (or to ...) is _____ (distance figures and units)
QGH May I land using _____ (procedure or facility)? You may land using _____ (procedure or facility)
QGK What track should I make good? Or, What track are you making good? Make good a track from _____ (place) on _____ degrees _____ (true or magnetic). Or, I am making good a track from _____ (place) on _____ degrees _____ (true or magnetic).
QGL May I enter the _____ (control area or zone) at _____ (place)? You may enter the _____ (control area or zone) at _____ (place)
QGM   Leave the _____ (control area or zone)
QGN May I be cleared to land at _____ (place)? You are cleared to land at _____ (place)
QGO   Landing is prohibited at _____ (place)
QGP What is my number for landing? You are number _____ to land
QGQ May I hold at _____ place? Hold at _____ (place) at _____ (figures and units) height above _____ (datum) and await orders.
QGT   Fly for _____ minutes on a heading what will enable you to maintain a track reciprocal to your present one.
QGU   Fly for _____ minutes on a magnetic heading of _____ degrees
QGV Do you see me? or Can you see the aerodrome? or Can you see _____ (aircraft)? I see you at _____ (cardinal or quadrantal point of direction). Or I can see the aerodrome, Or, I can see _____ (aircraft)
QGW Does my landing gear appear to be down and in place? Your landing gear appears to be down and in place
QGZ   Hold on _____ direction of _____ facility
"H" Back to Index
QHE Will you inform me when you are on _____ leg of approach? I am on 1) cross-wind leg, 2) down-wind leg, 3) base leg, 4) final leg of _____ approach.
QHG May I enter traffic circuit at _____ (figures and units) height above _____ (datum). Cleared to enter traffic circuit at _____ (figures and units) height above _____ (datum).
QHH Are you making an emergency landing? I am making an emergency landing. OR Emergency landing being made at _____ (place) All aircraft below _____ (figures and units) height above _____ (datum) and within a distance of _____ (figures and units) leave _____ (place or headings).
QHI Are you (or is _____ ) 1) waterborne? 2) on land? I am (or is _____ ) 1) waterborne. 2) on land.
QHQ May I make a _____ approach at (place)? or Are you making a _____ approach? You may make a _____ approach at (place). Or I am making a _____ approach.
QHZ Shall I circle the aerodrome (or go around) ? Circle the aerodrome (or go around)>
"I" Back to Index
QIC May I establish communication with _____ radio station on _____ KHz/MHz now (or at _____ hours)? Establish communication with _____ radio station on _____ KHz/MHz now (or at _____ hours).
QIF What frequency is _____ using? ... is using _____ KHz/MHz
"J" Back to Index
QJA Is my
1) tape reversed?
2) mark and space
Your _____
1) tape is reversed
2) mark and space
QJB Will you use
1) 1) radio?
2) cable?
3) telegraph?
4) teletypewriter?
5) telephone?
6) receiver?
7) transmitter?
8) reperforator?
I will use
1) radio
2) cable
3) telegraph
4) teletypewriter
5) telephone
6) receiver
7) transmitter
8) reperforator
QJC Will you check your
1) transmitter distributor?
2) auto-head?
3) perforator?
4) reperforator?
5) printer?
6) printer motor?
7) keyboard?
8) antenna system?
I will check my
1) transmitter distributor
2) auto-head
3) perforator
4) reperforator
5) printer
6) printer motor
7) keyboard
8) antenna system
QJD Am I transmitting
1) in letters?
2) in figures?
You are transmitting
1) in letters
2) in figures
QJE Is my frequency shift
1) too wide?
2) too narrow?
3) correct?
Your frequency shift is
1) too wide
2) too narrow
3) correct
QJF   My signal as checked by monitor _____ is satisfactory 1) locally, 2) as radiated.
QJG Shall I revert to automatic relay? Revert to automatic relay
QJH Shall I run
1) my test tape?
2) a test sentence?
Run
1) my test tape
2) a test sentence
QJI Will you transmit a continuous
1) mark?
2) space?
I am transmitting
1) mark
2) space
QJK Are you receiving
1) a continuous mark?
2) a continuous space?
3) a mark bias?
4) a space bias?
I am receiving
1) a continuous mark
2) a continuous space
3) a mark bias
4) a space bias
"K" Back to Index
QKA   I have effected rescue and am proceeding to _____ base (with _____ persons injured requiring ambulance).
QKC   The sea conditions at (position) are 1) permit alighting but not take-off, 2) render alighting extremely hazardous.
QKN Aircraft plotted (believed to be you) in position _____ on track _____ degrees at _____ hours.  
"L" Back to Index
QLB Will you monitor _____ station and report reqarding range, quality, etc.? I have monitored _____ station and report (briefly) as follows ...
QLH Will you use simultaneous keying on _____ frequency and .. frequency? I will now key simultaneously on _____ frequency and _____ frequency.
QLV Is the _____ radio facility still required? The _____ radio facility is still required.
"M" Back to Index
QMH   Shift to transmit and receive on _____ khz. (or _____ mhz.); if communication is not established within 5 minutes, revert to present frequency.
QMI Report the vertical distribution of cloud at _____ (position or zone) as observed from your aircraft. The vertical distribution of cloud as observed from my aircraft at _____ hours at _____ (position or zone) is :
Example: QMI 1400 11 2 CU 1000 FT 2500 FT 6 SC 6000 FT 10000 FT 5 AC 13000 FT 14000 FT MER
QMU What is the surface temperature at _____ (place) and what is the dew point temperature at that place? The surface temperature at _____ (place) at _____ hours is _____ degrees and the dew point temperature at that time and place is _____ degrees.
QMW At _____ (position or zone) what is (are) the height(s) above _____ (datum) of the zero centigrade isotherm(s)? At _____ (position or zone) zero centigrade isotherm(s) is (are) at _____ (figures and units) height above _____ (datum).
QMX What is the air temperature at _____ (position or zone) at _____ (hours) at the _____ (figures and units) height above _____ (datum)? At _____ (position or zone) at _____ (hours) the air temperature is _____ (degrees and units) at _____ (figures and units) height above _____ (datum).
NOTE: Aircraft reporting QMX information will transmit the temperature figures as corrected for airspeed.
QMZ Have you any amendments to the flight forecast in respect of section of route yet to be traversed? The following amendment(s) should be made to the flight forecast ...
(If no amendments, signal QMZ NIL)
"N" Back to Index
QNE What indication will my altimeter give on landing at _____ (place) at _____ (hours), my sub-scale being set to 1013.2 millibars (29.92 inches)? 1) On landing at _____ (place) at _____ (hours), with your sub-scale being set to 1013.2 millibars (29.92 inches), your altimeter will indicate _____ (figures and units)
2) The Pressure Altitude is or Use Pressure Altitude.
QNH What should I set on the sub-scale of my altimeter so that the instrument would indicate my elevation if I were on the ground at your station? 1) If you set the sub-scale of your altimeter to read _____ tenths of millibars or hundredths of and inch,* the instrument would indicate your elevation if you were on the ground at my station at _____ (hours).
2) Mean Sea Level (MSL) Altitude
(*)Note: When the setting is given in hundredths of and inch the abbreviation INS is used to identify the units.
QNI Between what heights above _____ (datum) has turbulence been observed at _____ (position or zone)? Turblence has been observed at _____ (position or zone) with an intensity of _____ between _____ (figures and units) and _____ (figures and units) heights above _____ (datum).
QNO   I am not equipped to give the information (or provide the facility) requested.
QNR   I am approaching my point of no return
QNT What is the maximum gust speed of the surface wind at _____ (place)? The maximum gust speed of the surface wind at _____ (place) at _____ (hours) is _____ (speed figures and units).
QNY What is the present weather and the intensity thereof at _____ (place, position or zone)? The present weather and intensity thereof at _____ (place, position or zone) at _____ (hours) is _____ (duststorm, sandstorm, rain, snow, hail, thunderstorm, etc.).
"N" - - ARRL Variants Back to Index
QNE * Entire net stand by.
QNF Net is free (not controlled).
QNG Take over as net control station.
QNH Your net frequency is high.
QNI Net stations report In.* I am reporting into the net (follow with a list of traffic or QRU).
QNJ Can you copy me? or Can you copy ____?
QNK * Transmit messages for ____ to ____ .
QNL Your net frequency is low.
QNM * You are QRMing the net: stand by.
QNN Net control station is ____ . What station has net control?
QNO Station is leaving the net.
QNP Unable to copy you or Unable to copy ____ .
QNQ * Move frequency to ____ and wait for ____ to finish handling traffic; then send him traffic for ____ .
QNR * Answer ____ and Receive traffic.
QNS Following stations are in the net (follow with list).* Request list of stations in the net.
QNT I request permission to leave the net for ___ minutes.
QNU* The net has traffic for you. Stand by. QSL Can you acknowledge receipt?
QNV * Establish contact with ____ on this frequency: if successful, move to ___ and send him traffic for ___.
QNW How do I route messages for ____ ?
QNX You are excused from the net.* Request to be excused from the net.
QNY * Shift to another frequency (or to ____ kHz/mHz) to clear traffic with ____
QNZ Zero beat your signal with mine.
Notes on the Use of ARRL QN Signals
  • When marked by a * for use only by the Net Control Station.
  • The QN signals listed above are special ARRL signals for use in amateur CW nets only: they are not for use in casual amateur conversation.
  • Other meanings that may be used in other services do not apply.
  • Do not use QN signals on phone nets: say it with words.
  • QN signals need not be followed by a question mark, even though the meaning may be interrogatory.
"O"/"P"/"Q": NONE Back to Index
"R" Back to Index
QRA What is the name of your station? The name of my station is ...
QRB How far approximately are you from my station? The approximate distance between our stations is _____ nautical miles (or kilometers).
QRC What is your TRUE bearing? My TRUE bearing is _____
QRC By what private enterprise (or State Administration) are the accounts for charges for your station settled? The accounts for charges of my station are settled by the private enterprise _____ (or State Administration)
QRD Where are you bound and where are you from? or Where are you bound? I am bound for _____ from _____ or I am bound for _____ ?
QRE What is your estimated time of arrival at _____ (place)? My estimated time of arrival at _____ (place) is _____ (hours)
QRF Are you returning to _____ or Where are you from? I am returning to _____ or Return to _____ or I am from _____
QRG Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of ...)? Your exact frequency (or that of _____ ) is _____ khz (or Mhz).
QRG To what line do you belong? I belong to the _____ line.
QRH Does my frequency vary? or What is your wavelength (in meters)? Your frequency varies or My wavelength is _____ meters.
QRI How is the tone of my transmission? The tone of your transmission is (1. Good; 2. Variable; 3. Bad).
QRJ How many words have you to send? I have _____ words to send.
QRK What is the readability of my signals (or those of ...) or How do you read me? The readability of your signals (or those of ...) is _____ (1 to 5) or I read you well.
QRL Are you busy? I am busy. (or I am busy with _____ ) Please do not interfere.
QRM Are you being interfered with? I am being interfered with.
QRN Are you troubled by static? I am troubled by static.
QRO Shall I increase power?
Aeronautical Note: Relates to communication
Increase power
Aeronautical Note: Relates to communication
QRP Shall I decrease power?
Aeronautical Note: Relates to communication
Decrease power
Aeronautical Note: Relates to communication
QRQ Shall I send faster? Send faster (... wpm)
QRR Are you ready for automatic operation? I am ready for automatic operations, Send at _____ words per minute.
QRS Shall I send more slowly? Send more slowly (... wpm)
QRT Shall I stop sending? Stop sending
QRU Have you anything for me? I have nothing for you
QRV Are you ready? I am ready.
QRW Shall I inform _____ that you are calling him on _____ khz (or Mhz)? Please inform _____ that I am calling him on _____ khz (or Mhz)
QRX When will you call me again? I will call you again at _____ (hours) on _____ khz (or Mhz)
QRY What is my turn?
(relates to communication)
Your turn is No. _____ (or according to any other indication).
QRZ Who is calling me? You are being called by _____ on _____ khz (or Mhz)
"S" Back to Index
QSA What is the strength of my signals (or those of _____ )? The strength of your signals (or those of ...) is _____ (1 to 5).
QSB Are my signals fading? Your signals are fading.
QSC Are you a cargo vessel? I am a cargo vessel
QSD Is my keying defective? Your keying is defective.
QSG Shall I send _____ telegrams (messages) at a time? Send _____ telegrams (messages) at a time
QSI   I have been unable to break in on your transmission. OR Will you inform _____ (callsign) that I have been unable to break in on his transmission on _____ khz (or Mhz.)
QSJ What is the charge to be collected per word to _____ including your internal telegraph charge? The charge to be collected per word to _____ including my internal telegraph charge is _____ francs.
QSK Can you hear me between your signals? I can hear you between my signals.
QSL Can you acknowledge receipt? I am acknowledging receipt.
QSM Shall I repeat the last telegram (message) which I sent you, or some previous telegram (message)? Repeat the last telegram (message) which you sent me (or telegram[s] (message[s]) numbers(s) ...).
QSN Did you hear me (or _____ (call sign)) on .. khz (or Mhz)? I did hear you (or _____ (call sign)) on _____ khz (or Mhz).
QSO Can you communicate with _____ direct or by relay? I can communicate with _____ direct (or by relay through ...).
QSP Will you relay to _____ free of charge? I will relay to .. free of charge.
QSQ Have you a doctor on board (or is _____ (name of person ) on board))? I have a doctor on board (or _____ (name of person) is on board)
QSU Shall I send or reply on this frequency (or on _____ khz (Mhz)) (with emissions of class ...)? Send or reply on this frequency or(or on _____ khz (Mhz)) (with emissions of class ...)
QSV Shall I send a series of V's on this frequency (or _____ khz (or Mhz))? Send a series of V's on this frequency (or _____ khz (or Mhz))
QSW Will you send on this frequency (or on _____ khz (or Mhz) (with emissions of class _____)? I am going to send on this frequency (or on _____ khz (or Mhz) (with emissions of class _____)
QSX Will you listen to _____ (call sign(s) on _____ khz (or Mhz)? I am listening to _____ (call sign(s) on _____ khz (or Mhz)
QSY Shall I change to transmission on another frequency? Change to transmission on another frequency (or on _____ khz (or Mhz).
QSZ Shall I send each word or group more than once? Send each word or group twice (or _____ times).
"T" Back to Index
QTA Shall I cancel telegram (message) No. _____ as if it had not been sent? Cancel telegram (message) No. _____ as if it had not been sent.
QTB Do you agree with my counting of words? I do not agree with your counting of words; I will repeat the first letter or digit of each word or group.
QTC How many telegrams (messages) have you to send? I have _____ telegrams (messages) for you (or for ...).
QTE What is my TRUE bearing from you? Or What is my true bearing from _____ (call sign)? or What is the TRUE bearing true bearing of ...(call sign) from ...(call sign)? Your TRUE bearing from me is _____ degrees (at _____ hours). or Your TRUE bearing from...(call sign) was ...degrees (at...hours). or The true bearing of ...(call sign) from ...(call sign) was _____ degrees (at ...hours).
QTF Will you give me the position of my station according to the bearings taken by the direction-finding stations which you control? The position of your station according to the bearings taken by the direction-finding stations which I control was _____ latitude, _____ longitude, class... at... hours.
QTG Will you send two dashes of ten seconds each followed by your call sign (repeated _____ times) (on _____ khz (or Mhz))? Or Will you request _____ to send two dashes of ten seconds followed by his call sign (repeated _____ times) (on _____ khz (or Mhz))? I am going to (or I have requested _____ to) send two dashes of ten seconds followed by call sign (repeated _____ times) (on _____ khz (or Mhz))
QTH What is your position in latitude and longitude (or according to any other indication)? My position is _____ latitude...longitude
QTI What is your true track? My true track is _____ degrees
QTJ What is your speed? My speed is _____ knots (or miles per hour)
QTK What is the speed of your aircraft in relation to the surface of the earth? The speed of my aircraft in relation to the surface of the earth is _____ knots (or miles per hour)
QTL What is your true heading (true course with not wind)? My true heading is _____ degrees
QTN At what time did you depart from... (place)? I departed from _____ (place) at _____ (hours)
QTO Have you left dock (or port)? or Are you airborne? I have left dock (or port) or I am airborne
QTP Are you going to enter dock (or port)? or Are you going to alight (or land)? I am going to enter dock (or port). or I am going to alight (or land)
QTQ Can you communicate with my station by means of the International Codes of Signals? I am going to communicate with your station by means of the International Codes of Signals
QTR What is the correct time? The correct time is _____ hours
QTS Will you send your call sign for _____ minutes(s) now (or at _____ hours) (on _____ khz (or Mhz)) so that your frequency may be measured? I will send my call sign for _____ minutes(s) now (or at _____ hours) (on _____ khz (or Mhz)) so that my frequency may be measured.
QTU What are the hours during which your station is open? My station is open from _____ to _____ hours.
QTV Shall I stand guard for you on the frequency of ...khz (or Mhz) (from _____ to _____ hours)? Stand guard for me on the frequency of ...khz (or Mhz) (from _____ to _____ hours)
QTX Will you keep your station open for further communication with me until further notice (or until _____ hours)? I will keep my station open for further communication with you until further notice (or until ...hours)
"U" Back to Index
QUA Have you news of _____ (call sign)? Here is news of ...(call sign).
QUB Can you give me, in the following order, information concerning: visibility, height of clouds, directions and velocity of ground wind at _____ (place of observation)? Here is the information requested...
QUC What is the number (or other indication) of the last message you received from me (or from .. (call sign))? The number (or other indication) of the last message I received from you (or from _____ (call sign) is ...
QUD Have you received the urgency signal sent by ...(call sign of mobile station)? I have received the urgency signal sent by _____ (call sign of mobile station) at _____ hours
QUF Have you received the distress signal sent by ...(call sign of mobile station)? I have received the distress signal sent by _____ (call sign of mobile station) at _____ hours
QUG Will you be forced to alight (or land)? I am forced to alight (or land) immediately. Or I shall be forced to alight (or land) at _____ (position or place)
QUH Will you give me the present barometric pressure at sea level? The present barometric pressure at sea level is ...(units).
QUI Are your navigation light working? My navigation lights are working
QUJ Will you indicate the true course for me to steer towards you (or _____) with no wind? The true course for you to steer towards me (or _____) with no wind is _____ degrees at _____ hours
QUK can you tell me the condition of the sea observed at ...(place or coordinates)? The sea at _____ (place or coordinates) is ...
QUL Can you tell me the swell observed at (place or coordinates)? The swell observed at _____ (place or coordinates) is ...
QUM Is the distress traffic ended? The distress traffic is ended
QUN Will the vessels in my immediate vicinity (or in the vicinity of _____ latitude...longitude) (or of ...) please indicate their position, true course and speed? My position, true course and speed are ...
QUO Shall I search for 1) aircraft, 2) Ship, 3) Survival aircraft in the vicinity of _____ latitude _____ longitude (or according to any other indication)? Please search for 1) aircraft, 2) Ship, 3) Survival aircraft in the vicinity of _____ latitude _____ longitude (or according to any other indication)
QUP Will you indicate your position by 1) Searchlight, 2) Black smoke trail, 3) Pyrotechnic lights? My position is indicated by 1) Searchlight, 2) Black smoke trail, 3) Pyrotechnic lights
QUQ Shal I train my searchlight nearly vertical on a cloud, occulting if possible and, if your aircraft is seen, deflect the beam upwind and on the water (or land) to facilitate your landing? Please train your searchlight nearly vertical on a cloud, occulting if possible and, if my aircraft is seen, deflect the beam upwind and on the water (or land) to facilitate my landing .
QUR Have survivors 1. Received survival equipment, 2. Been picked up by rescue vessel, 3. Been reached by ground rescue party? Survivors 1. Are in possession of survival equipment dropped by _____ , 2. Have been picked up by rescue vessel, 3. Have been reached by ground rescue party.
QUS Have you sighted survivors or wreckage? If so, in what position? Have sighted 1. Survivors in water; 2. Survivors on rafts; 3. Wreckage in position _____ latitude _____ longitude (or according to any other indication).
QUT Is position of incident marked? Position of incident is marked (by ...)
QUU Shall I home ship or aircraft to my position? Home ship or aircraft 1. _____ (call sign) to your position by transmitting your call sign and long dashes on _____ Khz/Mhz); 2. _____ (call sign) by transmitting on _____ Khz/Mhz courses to steer to reach you.
QUV What is my MAGNETIC bearing from you (or from _____ )? Your MAGNETIC bearing from me (or from _____ ) was _____ degrees at _____ hours.
QUX Will you indicate the magnetic course for me to steer towards you (or _____ ) with no wind? The magnetic course for you to steer to reach me (or _____ ) with no wind was _____ degrees at _____ hours.
"V"/"W"/"X"/"Y"/"Z"
NONE
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QDM Will you indicate the MAGNETIC heading for me to steer towards you (or _____ ) with no wind? The MAGNETIC heading for you to steer to reach me (or _____ ) with no wind was _____ degrees at _____ (hours)
QDR What is my MAGNETIC bearing from you (or from _____ )? Your MAGNETIC bearing from me (or from _____ ) was _____ degrees at _____ hours.
QFE 1) At _____ (place), what is the present atmospheric pressure converted to station level in accordance with meteorological practice?
2) As a question, What is your height above field (or terrain) elevation?
3) As a general abbreviation, Altitude measured above height above field (or terrain) elevation is _____
1) At _____ (place) the atmospheric pressure converted to station level in accordance with meteorological practice is (or was determined at _____ hours to be) _____ tenths of millibars
2) The height above field (terrain) elevation is _____
QFU What is the magnetic direction (or number) of the runway to be used The magnetic direction (or number) of the runway to be used is _____
QNE What indication will my altimeter give on landing at _____ (place) at _____ (hours), my sub-scale being set to 1013.2 millibars (29.92 inches)? 1) On landing at _____ (place) at _____ (hours), with your sub-scale being set to 1013.2 millibars (29.92 inches), your altimeter will indicate _____ (figures and units)
2) The Pressure Altitude is or Use Pressure Altitude.
QNH What should I set on the sub-scale of my altimeter so that the instrument would indicate my elevation if I were on the ground at your station? 1) If you set the sub-scale of your altimeter to read _____ tenths of millibars or hundredths of and inch,* the instrument would indicate your elevation if you were on the ground at my station at _____ (hours).
2) Mean Sea Level (MSL) Altitude
(*)Note: When the setting is given in hundredths of and inch the abbreviation INS is used to identify the units.
QTE What is my TRUE bearing from you? Or What is my true bearing from _____ (call sign)? or What is the TRUE bearing true bearing of ...(call sign) from ...(call sign)? Your TRUE bearing from me is _____ degrees (at _____ hours). or Your TRUE bearing from...(call sign) was ...degrees (at...hours). or The true bearing of ...(call sign) from ...(call sign) was _____ degrees (at ...hours).
QUJ Will you indicate the true course for me to steer towards you (or _____) with no wind? The true course for you to steer towards me (or _____) with no wind is _____ degrees at _____ hours
QUV What is my MAGNETIC bearing from you (or from _____ )? Your MAGNETIC bearing from me (or from _____ ) was _____ degrees at _____ hours.

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